Do Penguins Eat Seals? [Answered]

No, penguins do not eat seals. We all know seals are much bigger and more powerful than penguins, so penguins can’t catch and consume them. Instead, seals frequently prey on penguins, especially when they are submerged in water.

Have you ever seen a penguin eating seals? Penguins and seals are both iconic inhabitants of Antarctica. You may wonder if these two species interact with each other in a predatory way.

After all, seals are known to be fearsome predators, while penguins are seemingly helpless prey animals. However, the truth about the relationship between penguins and seals is more complex. So, let’s dive in and discover the truth about these fascinating animals.

Do Penguins and Seals Live Together?

Usually, penguins and seals do not live together. If you ever notice such cases, then it will be considered a rare case, not a normal incident.

seal and penguin

Basically, Seals feed on penguins. So, penguins tend to avoid seals, as they can be a potential predator. However, in the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic regions, penguins and seals can be found coexisting.

They don’t necessarily belong to the same social groups or live in the same habitats. In Antarctica, colonies of penguins like Emperor penguins and Adelie penguins can coexist with several species of seals like Leopard seals, Weddell seals, and Elephant seals.

Are Penguins Prey to Seals?

Yes, penguins are prey to seals. Leopard seals are known as common penguins’ predators. Despite consuming mostly fish, the Emperor penguin is the Leopard seal’s main prey.

Other penguin species, such as the Chinstrap penguins, Adelie, Gentoo, King, and Rockhopper penguins, have also been known to be attacked by them. They prefer to attack prey by waiting beneath the ice edges for penguins to dive into the water.


Juvenile penguins are particularly vulnerable to the leopard seal’s hunting tactics. The leopard seal’s hunting methods are particularly dangerous to young penguins because these penguins are still learning to swim and hunt at the same time.

Young penguins are easier to catch, so seals wait for them to dive into the water. When the adult penguins go foraging, leopard seals attack them.

Do Penguins Eat Leopard Seals?

No, penguins do not eat leopard seals. In fact, they do not eat any seals. Penguins eat fish, krill, and other small marine animals. They do not have the sharp teeth to catch and kill large predators like leopard seals. In contrast, Leopard seals are known as the main predators of penguins.

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Do Harp Seals Eat Penguins?

harp seal

The answer to this question is different from the usual way. It’s not a yes or no type of reply because the answer depends on the geo policy. Geo policy? Yes, Let me break down the facts.

Naturally, Harp seals live in the North Atlantic regions and Arctic Oceans. During summer, they migrate from the white sea to the Barents Sea (in arctic areas). 

On the other hand, penguins can’t survive in the Arctic Oceans or too-cold sea environments. In that sense, the Harp seals and penguins are creatures of two different areas.

Now it proves that although Harp seals are carnivorous, as they don’t find penguins in their area, so there is no chance that they can eat penguins.

However, to me, it doesn’t mean that they don’t eat penguins, rather if they find them in their territory, then, of course, they will take the chance to pray for them.

Note: Harp seals do have some preferred prey. But most of their diet is based on what is available to them in their environment. According to the research on the people of Svalbard, krill is the leading food they eat.

Do Harbor Seals Eat Penguins?

seal eating penguin

Yes, harbor seals do eat penguins. These marine creatures are carnivorous and predators. Penguins and other small creatures in the Antarctic region comprise a significant portion of harbor seal’s diet.

The reason why penguins are the preferred food source of harbor seals is that they are readily available. Also, they are relatively easy to capture. Due to their sluggish swimming abilities, penguins cannot escape these hunters’ grasp. Moreover, penguin eggs and chicks are a delicacy that seals cannot resist.

Do Fur Seals Eat Penguins?

Yes, Fur seals eat penguins. Fur seals typically hunt a variety of prey. It includes fish, squid, krill, penguins, and other small marine creatures. They are opportunistic predators. They are more likely to target sick, injured, or young penguins because these penguins are easier to catch.

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Do Weddell Seals Eat Penguins?

Weddell Seal

Yes, Weddell seals eat penguins. They feed on fish, prawns, cephalopods, crustaceans, and penguins.

Researchers have documented instances of four different penguin species being attacked by the Weddell seals. four different penguin species are as follows:

  • Gentoo penguins
  • Emperor penguins
  • Adélie penguins and
  • Chinstrap penguins.

Scientists speculate that Weddell seals rely primarily on eyesight to hunt for food when there is light. But during the Antarctic winter darkness, they rely on their vibrissae or whiskers to detect the wake of swimming fish and capture prey.

Do Grey Seals Eat Penguins?

Grey seals live in areas where penguins are not present. They live in the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. So, Grey seals have no chance to prey on and eat penguins. They typically feed on fish, squid, octopuses, and crustaceans.


Note: Grey seals may eat penguins in captivity or exceptional situations. However, they cannot eat penguins as a food source in their natural habitat.

Why Do Seals Assault Penguins?

Researchers have observed seals engaging in sexual coercion of penguins, as reported by Quartz.  And in some cases, even consuming the penguins after the act. The researchers suggest that this behavior is not a result of mistaken identity.

According to experts, it’s possible that the observed behavior may have been learned as the incidents involve different individual seals. The reasons why this behavior has emerged are not yet fully understood. It is uncertain if such incidents will continue.

The researchers have proposed several speculations regarding why the seals may be engaging in this behavior.  It includes a lack of sexual experience or frustration or even aggression.

The researchers also suggest that the seals may be having difficulty identifying and finding suitable female seal partners. In one instance, a seal persisted in assaulting a penguin for nearly 14 hours before ultimately giving up and consuming its prey.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Will elephant seals eat penguins?

Yes, elephant seals do eat penguins, but it’s a rare case. You will find some records where elephant seals attack, prey and eat penguins. However, it’s an exception to their diet because they mostly eat fish, krill and squid. According to research, southern elephant seals are mainly found to eat penguins.

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Did you know elephant seals can survive without eating for 3 months? Sounds interesting!!! Yeah, it’s true due to their breeding time.

How many penguins do leopard seals eat?

It was reported that at one gentoo penguin colony, 12-16% of the penguins were consumed by leopard seals. Leopard seals are known to prey on penguins.

The specific percentage of penguins consumed by leopard seals can vary depending on various factors, such as the size of the penguin colony and the availability of other food sources.

Do ringed seals eat penguins?

Usually, seals are carnivorous ocean creatures and predators. In that sense, they can eat penguins. But unfortunately, you will not find ringed seals and penguins living in the same areas.

Ringed seals are primarily found in the Arctic, and penguins do not live there. At that point, ringed seals don’t have any chance to attack, prey and eat penguins.

Note: Ringed seals feed on fish, squid, shrimp, and other small marine animals

Do Antarctic fur seals eat penguins?

Yes, Antarctic fur seals eat penguins. They also feed on fish, squid, shrimp, and other small marine animals.


Penguins do not eat seals; they primarily feed on fish, krill, squid, and other small marine organisms. On the other hand, seals can prey on penguins, particularly when they are submerged in water.

Penguins and seals do not live together. But they can coexist in the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic regions. Leopard seals are known to be a common predator of penguins. Further, Weddell seals, Fur seals, and occasionally Harp seals feed on penguins (if they get the chance).

Researchers have observed seals engaging in sexual coercion of penguins, which may be learned. And may be due to a lack of suitable female seal partners. Overall, the relationship between penguins and seals is complex.

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