Where Do Sea Otters Live? | Habitat and Location Facts

We can all agree that sea otters are cute and have some of the nicest features on the planet, but where do they live?

Did you know that sea otters can live in both the Pacific Ocean and coastal areas? They live in some other areas too. So, if you don’t already know this and are interested in learning more, grab a paper and a pen because we’ll go over all the details of the sea otter habitats.

Where do sea otters live? 

Sea Otters usually live around coastal regions and areas. They love the cold areas so much. Here is a rundown on the various habitats you can find the sea otter.

Coast of Alaska

Alaska’s coast is home to over 90% of sea otters, and the availability of suitable prey has helped to maintain this population for thousands of years.

Sea otters are present along coastlines worldwide but are particularly common in Alaska. You can see them throughout a large portion of the shoreline from the Pacific Ocean to mainland Canada. 

They are most typically found in the coastal seas and on islands off the coast of mainland Alaska. Since many years ago, this region has been the ideal home for the otter. It is due to the profusion of aquatic life along its coasts.

The coast of central California

Central California’s coast is home to the sea otter. This habitat offers sea otters access to food, safety from predators, and saltwater. Although they consume almost anything they can find in the ocean, they typically eat clams and mussels. 

The day is spent by sea otters floating in the water, feeding and resting on their backs. Unlike most animals, they excel at maintaining their body temperature and rarely need to cover their bodies in fur to keep warm. Although they spend most of their time in the water, they occasionally come ashore to sleep or care for their young.

Pacific Ocean of Russia

The sea otter is a resident of Russia’s Pacific Ocean. The sea otters have easy access to food and a temperate climate. 

The nutrition of sea otters is also highly intriguing. You can see them eat fish found near the coast and in kelp forests. Although sea otters frequently stay close to land, they travel great distances in search of food and for mating. 

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They consume small fish, such as anchovies and sardines. I understand they consume clams, crabs, octopuses, sea urchins, and crabs. Some people keep sea otters in captivity in their homes to care for sick or orphaned animals.

North Pacific Ocean

The sea otter lives in the North Pacific Ocean. Oregon, California, and Alaska beaches are home to these amusing animals. Otters enjoy playing in the water and want to be close to it. This habitat offers the otter a location to reside and a food source, which are its key advantages. 

Sea otters can swim well and are also predators. Because they are scavengers, sea otters will consume fish and other marine life when they are there. When it is available, they also like eating kelp. It is a living creature that is crucial to the ocean’s ecosystems.


Scotland does have sea otters. Around the west coast, they are most prevalent. Although they are not widespread, you can find a few sporadic colonies throughout the nation.

Sea otters are marine mammals that live in the ocean and enjoy making deep dives in search of prey. About half of their time is in the water! Sea otters have silky fur coats to warm in the chilly seas. 

The main advantages of this habitat are that it gives them food. When they consume all of the seaweed, they keep the ecology clean and prevent it from growing too tall or spreading out too far.


In the UK, marine otters are also common. Although they are inland, they are most prevalent by the seaside. They are typically in water-filled areas like lakes and rivers. The clean water and abundance of food, including fish and other sea life, are this habitat’s key advantages for sea otters. 

sea otter

Sea otters can navigate the water because of their long whiskers, which also make it easier for them to capture fish.

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They rarely venture onto land and spend most of their time underwater. They can dive up to 100 meters deep due to their entirely waterproof fur. When animals are on land, they construct sizable nests in which they sleep. 

Males of these nests are lined with chewed-up leaves from tree roots, giving the nest more stability.

Other Places

In addition to living near coastlines and in the Pacific Ocean, sea otters also inhabit saltwater environments. They also spend their days swimming and diving in the intertidal region where they also reside. Mollusks, sea urchins, and crustaceans make up the sea otter’s diet. 

Sea otters are extremely gregarious creatures and live in colonies with up to 50 members per group. The females often start these colonies. They choose their partners before the mating season starts.

The abundance of food sources and easy access to water are advantages of these habitats for sea otters. They can stay in the water longer because they won’t have to travel far to get food or water. They can also reproduce year-round in saltwater environments. 

They do not wait for the start of the breeding season in coastal places before they begin to reproduce.

Can sea otters live on land?

No, sea otters can’t live on land because they are marine mammals. They spend most of their lives in the sea. Although you can find them on land, they cannot exist without water. Of all otter species, they are the ones who rely on the water the most. 

In all animal worlds, sea otters have the fur that is the densest. They can travel, eat, or groom their fur on land. However, because otters rely heavily on the water, they can’t live entirely on land.

In the water, sea otters eat, sleep, and procreate. Sea otters may ascend onto land to rest, groom, or give birth. They do this, unlike certain marine mammals like whales which would perish if they were on land for an extended period.

How long can otters live out of water?

An otter can spend up to two hours out of the water before returning. Water is essential for an otter’s body to stay hydrated and operate correctly. Otters can survive for a few hours without water, but they eventually need to get back so they can eat. Some otter species adapted to very cold climes can go days or weeks without getting wet. 

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The majority of species, however, can only endure being out of the water for a short period. It is before they start to experience dehydration and famine.

Otters’ cheek pouches are huge reservoirs of water. They can hydrate themselves using these pockets once they are out of the water. Approximately 70% of an otter’s time is in the water. They spend the remaining time on land looking for food.

Why do sea otters live in cold areas?

Sea otters can survive in frigid climates because they need more energy to remain warm. The smallest marine mammal is the sea otter. Being warm is necessary for these cold-water creatures, yet their thick fur can only keep them so warm. 

The fact that they require a lot of heat to thrive has been known for a while. However, up until now, we didn’t know how they accomplished it.

Can sea otters live in freshwater?

Sea otters rarely venture onto land and are only found in salt water. Otters inhabit salty, chilly waters. They would find fresh water to be too unpleasant. They would have to find another source of water. They maintain most of their bodies below the water while swimming with their belly down.


Generally speaking, sea otters inhabit icy regions like Alaska’s coastline. They are maritime animals and only perform some of their activity on land.

These surroundings are ideal for them since they give them the essentials they need to live and reproduce, such as food.

Every sea otter has its territory, and unless it transfers to a new one for any reason, it will typically remain there for most of its life. If there are no nearby females, adult males will sporadically increase their territory to mate with them, although this is unusual.

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